Medea Benjamin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Medea Benjamin
Susan Benjamin

(1952-09-10) September 10, 1952 (age 71)
EducationTufts University
Columbia University
New School for Social Research
Occupation(s)Political activist, author
SpouseKevin Danaher

Medea Benjamin (born Susan Benjamin; September 10, 1952) is an American political activist who was the co-founder of Code Pink with Jodie Evans and others.[1] Along with activist and author Kevin Danaher, she created the fair trade advocacy group Global Exchange. Benjamin was the Green Party candidate in California in 2000 for the United States Senate.

Early life[edit]

Susan Benjamin was born September 10, 1952, and grew up in Freeport, New York, on Long Island, a self-described "nice Jewish girl".[2]

During her first year at Tufts University, she renamed herself after the Greek mythological character Medea. Samuel Moyn wrote that Benjamin "liked how the name sounded, and she had heard a feminist interpretation of the Greek tragedy suggesting that Medea had never killed her children and was only blamed for it by patriarchal traditions".[3]: 268 

She also joined the Students for a Democratic Society. Later she dropped out of school and hitchhiked through Europe and Africa, teaching English classes to earn money. She later returned to the United States and received master's degrees in public health from Columbia University and in economics from The New School. Benjamin worked for ten years as an economist and nutritionist in Latin America and Africa for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization,[4] the World Health Organization, the Swedish International Development Agency,[5] and the Institute for Food and Development Policy.[citation needed]



Benjamin speaking at a Code Pink rally.

In 1988, with her husband, Kevin Danaher, and Kirsten Moller, Benjamin co-founded the San Francisco-based Global Exchange, which advocates fair trade alternatives to what she describes as corporate globalization. In 2002, with Jodie Evans and others, she co-founded the feminist anti-war group Code Pink: Women for Peace, which advocated for an end to the Iraq War, the prevention of future wars, and social justice. Benjamin has been involved with the anti-war organization United for Peace and Justice.

She later created the Occupation Watch Center in Baghdad (IOWC) to monitor the United States military, and the war's effect on civilian populations. Through this center, she brought U.S. military family members to see the conditions under which enlisted personnel served, and to speak out against the war, in Congress and at the United Nations, in 2003.[6]


In 2000, Benjamin ran for the United States Senate on the Green Party ticket.[7] She advocated a living wage, universal healthcare and delaying genetically engineered foods.[8] Democratic incumbent Dianne Feinstein, Benjamin and her Republican rival Tom Campbell chose to participate in joint events, including a press conference, during the campaign.[9] Benjamin garnered 99,716 votes, 74%, in the Green Party primary,[10] and 326,828 votes, 3.08% of the general election total ballots.[11] Since then she has remained active in the Green Party and has also supported efforts by the Progressive Democrats of America.[12][13] She is a member of the Liberty Tree Board of Directors.

In 2015, she served in the Green Party shadow cabinet as Shadow Secretary of State.[14]

Protest actions[edit]

Medea Benjamin speaks at a rally during the 2007 State of the Union Address in Washington, D.C.

From 2002 to 2009, Benjamin engaged in numerous protests involving members of the Bush administration (Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld; President George W. Bush; Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice); Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, and others. Benjamin engaged in protest actions at the 2004 Democratic National Convention and the 2004 Republican National Convention.[15] On December 4, 2007, she was arrested by plainclothes police in Lahore, Pakistan, detained by the ISI for eight hours, and deported after protesting the house arrest of lawyers (including Aitzaz Ahsan).[16][17] In 2009, Benjamin joined the steering committee for the Gaza Freedom March.[18] In February 2012, Benjamin was arrested and deported[19] for illegal entry to Bahrain and her participation in an illegal protest.[20]

During 2005–2010, she worked to oppose United States threats of a possible impending war with Iran, including lobbying Congress, taking peace delegations to Iran, and bringing Iranian youth to Congress.

Benjamin repeatedly interrupted a major speech by President Barack Obama regarding United States policy in the War on Terror at the National Defense University on May 23, 2013.[21][22] After Benjamin was removed for her actions, President Obama then went off script. "The voice of that woman is worth paying attention to," he said. "Obviously I do not agree with much of what she said. And obviously she wasn't listening to me and much of what I said. But these are tough issues. And the suggestion that we can gloss over them is wrong."

"If he had indeed made significant policy changes, I wasn't going to say anything," Benjamin told The Daily Beast later. "I would have preferred that option, but given that he didn't make those kind of changes I was looking for, I was glad to be given the opportunity to speak out."[23]

On July 21, 2016, Benjamin heckled Donald Trump's acceptance speech at the Republican National Convention with a sign that read "Build bridges not walls".[24]

Organization efforts[edit]

Labor rights and corporate responsibility[edit]

During the 1990s, Benjamin focused on countering what she believed was unfair trade as promoted by the World Trade Organization. She participated in an anti-sweatshop movement, initiating campaigns against Nike and clothing companies such as the GAP. In 1999, Benjamin helped expose the problem of indentured servitude among garment workers in the United States territory of Saipan (the Marianas Islands), which led to a billion-dollar lawsuit against 17 United States retailers.[25][better source needed] In 1999, she produced the documentary Sweating for a T-Shirt about the sweatshop industry.[26]

During the World Trade Organization meeting in Seattle in December 1999, Benjamin's organization, Global Exchange, helped organize the 1999 Seattle WTO protests.[27]

In 2000, she helped a campaign to pressure Starbucks to carry fair trade coffee in all their cafes. In October 2000, Starbucks introduced whole bean Fair Trade Certified coffee at more than 2,300 stores.[28]

For 2001, Benjamin focused on California's energy crisis, assisting low-income ratepayers and small businesses. She headed a coalition of consumer, environmental, union and business leaders working for clean and affordable power under public control.[29]

In September 2003, Benjamin was in Cancún, Mexico challenging the policies of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and in November, she was in Miami protesting the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) while trying to bring attention to global peace and economic justice movements.[30]

After several fact-finding visits to China, Benjamin co-sponsored with the International Labor Rights Fund an initiative to improve the labor and environmental practices of United States multinationals in China. The ensuring Human Rights Principles for US Businesses in China have been endorsed by major companies such as Cisco, Intel, Reebok, Levi Strauss and Mattel.[31]


In 2006, Benjamin organized humanitarian aid for war refugees in Lebanon and spoke out against Israeli bombing. In 2008 during the Operation Cast Lead Israeli invasion of Gaza, she organized a daily protest at the hotel where President-elect Barack Obama was staying, and then visited Gaza to see the immediate effects of the bombing. She brought humanitarian aid and helped put together six other delegations to Gaza. She was one of the lead organizers of the Gaza Freedom March, where 1,350 people from dozens of countries came together in Cairo to try to march to Gaza. Benjamin criticized the United States government for passing legislation to send Israel $3 billion in aid, lobbied Congress and sailed on the U.S. Flotilla to Gaza in November 2011. Days after Israel launched its Pillar of Defense operation targeting sites in Gaza during November 2012, Benjamin led a delegation to deliver medical supplies to the Shifa hospital and the Palestinian Red Crescent in Gaza.[32] She also helped to organize an annual gathering in Washington, D.C., with the objective of exposing the "negative influence" of the United States lobby group American-Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC).[citation needed]

In January 2018, it was announced that activists from 20 American groups, including Code Pink, were banned from entering Israel because of their support for the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement.[33] The Algemeiner reported in April 2014 that Benjamin's charitable foundation, which was worth $12 million, had shareholdings in Caterpillar, a company targeted by the BDS movement, as well as the oil company Chevron and the tobacco conglomerate Phillip Morris.[34]


After the United States invaded Iraq in 2003, she created the Occupation Watch Center in Baghdad[30] to monitor the United States military and the war's effect on civilian populations. Through this center she brought Iraqi women to the United States to speak about the occupation, organized delegations of U.S. military family members to see the conditions of their children serving in Iraq, and documented United States abuses, including at Abu Ghraib prison before the scandal involving it broke in the United States media. She also organized medical aid delegations to Iraq to civilians harmed by the United States military.[citation needed] She testified in Congress and the United Nations against the Iraq War.[35]

In 2005, she was involved in the Hammering Halliburton campaign which was concerned with the abuses of United States military contractors such as Halliburton, the goal of which was to expose the awarding of corrupt no-bid contracts to corporations with close ties to the Bush administration. Along with this, Benjamin also exposed Blackwater Worldwide's illegal activities, including protests at the headquarters of the International Association of War Contractors. She was arrested outside the home of Blackwater's CEO.[6]

In opposition to indefinite detention in Guantanamo, in 2007, Benjamin organized a delegation of prisoners' family members to Guantanamo Naval Base prison camp in Cuba, demanding its closing.[36] In 2007 as well, she continued to protest weekly outside the Justice Department concerning water boarding and indefinite detention, and called for the resignation of Attorney General Alberto Gonzales.[citation needed] She was arrested many times for protests in Congressional hearings.

On October 31, 2009, Benjamin led a group of Code Pink protestors at a protest aimed at military families queued up for a White House Halloween Party hosted by President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama.[37] The event raised controversy when a Reuters News photo showing the protesters (dressed as wounded soldiers), including one identified as Benjamin, were described as "taunting" the children.[38]


In 2009, Benjamin began her efforts to bring attention to the effects of drone warfare, participating in demonstrations at United States bases where drones are piloted and at headquarters of drone manufacturers. On April 28, 2012, in Washington, D.C., she was responsible for organizing the first International Drone Summit with lawyers, scientists, academics, and activists to kick off an international campaign to rein in the use of drones in the U.S. and abroad.[39]

On April 30, 2012, Benjamin interrupted a speech on United States counterterrorism strategy given by John Brennan at the Woodrow Wilson Center, to ask about civilians casualties of US drone strikes in Pakistan, Somalia, and Yemen.[40]

In October 2012, she organized a 34-person delegation to Pakistan to protest U.S. drone warfare. While in Pakistan she allegedly met with drone victims, family members, lawyers, academics, women's groups, and Pakistani leaders, as well as the U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan.[41] The delegation made international headlines when they joined a caravan to Waziristan organized by prominent political leader and former Pakistani cricket captain Imran Khan, a staunch opponent of American involvement in Pakistan. (See CNN video,[42] The New York Times,[43] The Washington Post,[44] Al Jazeera,[45] the BBC, and over 100 major news outlet,[46] 09/28 – October 14, 2012). She also organized a public fast in Islamabad in sympathy with alleged drone victims.[47]

In 2012, she authored Drone Warfare: Killing by Remote Control, published by OR Books,[48] and toured the country speaking out against drone warfare.

Other campaigns[edit]

As part of Code Pink's mission, Benjamin helped organize many International Women's Day Marches and Mother's Day Calls for Peace, the latter to bring back the original intent of Mother's Day as women mobilizing against war. These included bringing women from war torn countries such as Iraq, Palestine and Afghanistan to the U.S. to speak about their experiences. Between 2003 and 2010, Benjamin helped organized anti-war mass mobilizations in Washington, D.C., New York City and San Francisco.[citation needed]

Benjamin organized the campaign Bring Our War Dollars Home,[49] which fought to divert money from the Pentagon into social programs at home.

WTO protest violence[edit]

During the 1999 anti-globalization movement protests against the WTO in Seattle, a quote from Benjamin was published by the New York Times, which implied that she was calling for the arrest of those who destroyed property during the protests. Benjamin later clarified that, while she did not approve of the tactics of destroying property, she did not want the arrest of those responsible.[50]

Anybody But Bush[edit]

Benjamin has been criticized by some Greens for her support for "Anybody But Bush" in 2004. Explaining why she supported this movement, she said that "maybe it's time for the people who voted for Bush in 2000, the people who didn't vote at all in 2000, and yes, people like myself who voted for Ralph Nader in 2000, to admit our mistakes. I'll say mine — I had no idea that George Bush would be such a disastrous president. Had I known then what I know now, and had I lived in a swing state, I would have voted for Gore instead of Ralph Nader.[51]

Todd Chretien, a member of the International Socialist Organization, responded:

Medea Benjamin ... and many other liberal and progressive leaders tell us that a Kerry regime "would be less dangerous" than Bush ... But, even if Kerry is "less dangerous", he will be more capable of wreaking havoc on Iraq, Palestine, Venezuela, abortion, gay rights, civil rights and unions if we sacrifice our political movement to getting behind him ... any movement that ever aims to win, must learn to stand up for itself precisely when it is darkest.[52]

Views on United States involvement in Middle East[edit]

Benjamin writes in The Huffington Post that the U.S. needs to end military interventionism and that the "U.S. military should close all foreign military bases and use our soldiers to protect us here at home."[53]

Benjamin also writes in The Huffington Post that the United States never had any "justification for invading Iraq", that there is no "justification for continuing the war in Afghanistan", and that in Pakistan, the United States "drone attacks are only fueling the violence and creating more Osama bin Ladens". Regarding the killing of bin Laden, she says "Let us not sink into a false sense of triumphalism in the wake of Bin Laden's passing."[54]

Arrest In Egypt[edit]

On March 3, 2014, Benjamin was arrested in Egypt. She had flown there en route to participating in a women's conference in the Palestinian territory of Gaza. Upon her arrival at Cairo International Airport, Benjamin was detained by airport police and held overnight, during which time she said she was assaulted by police officers, resulting in a broken arm and a dislocated shoulder. She was later deported to Turkey. Questions arose regarding the role of the United States Embassy in her detention, as embassy spokesman Mofid Deak said that Benjamin left the country following assistance from the embassy, while Code Pink's Alli McCracken said the embassy did not help Benjamin.[55][56]


In January 2019, in a Democracy Now! interview, Benjamin said she was against "US intervention in Venezuela" which had the potential to "create a civil war leading to tremendous violence".[57]

In April and May 2019 Benjamin was part of an "Embassy Protection Collective" formed by groups that include CodePink, Answer Coalition (led by Brian Becker), Poor Peoples Army (led by Cheri Honkala), People's Power Assembly (led by Sharon Black), Revolutionary Alliance (led by Al R Suarez) and Popular Resistance (led by Kevin Zeese/Dr. Flowers) which occupied the Venezuelan Embassy in Washington. Benjamin said the group had the permission of the Maduro government to stay in the embassy.[58]

Awards and accolades[edit]

In 2010, she received the Martin Luther King Jr. Peace Prize from the Fellowship of Reconciliation.[59] In 2012, she won the Marjorie Kellogg National Peacemaker Award and the Thomas Merton Center Peace Award. Also in 2012, she was awarded the US Peace Prize "in recognition of her creative leadership on the front lines of the antiwar movement."[60] In 2014, she received the Gandhi Peace Award from Promoting Enduring Peace "to honor her for her unyielding advocacy for social justice of more than 30 years".[61]

In 2003, the Los Angeles Times described her as "one of the high profile leaders" of the peace movement.[62]


In 2014, the Anti-Defamation League reported that Benjamin had attended the second annual New Horizon conference in Tehran, which hosted several fascists and Holocaust deniers. She said she was "uncomfortable" with many of the attendees but learned a lot and had nothing to apologize for.[63][64][65][66]

Peter Camejo claims that, at the 2004 Green Party of the United States national convention, a supermajority of members had voted for endorsing the Nader-Camejo ticket, but a conspiracy involving Benjamin caused a slight majority of delegates to instead endorse the Cobb-LaMarche ticket.[67]: 275 

Personal life[edit]

Benjamin has two daughters and has been married twice.[68] Her second marriage was to activist Kevin Danaher.[69]

Benjamin lives in Washington, D.C., and in San Francisco.[70][71]


  • Benjamin, Medea; Freedman, Andrea (1989). Bridging the Global Gap: A Handbook to Linking Citizens of the First and Third Worlds. Global Exchange / Seven Locks Press. ISBN 0-932020-73-9.
  • Benjamin, Medea; Collins, Joseph; Scott, Michael (1989). No Free Lunch: Food and Revolution in Cuba Today. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-935028-52-8.
  • Benjamin, Medea (1989). Don't Be Afraid, Gringo: A Honduran Woman Speaks From The Heart: The Story of Elvia Alvarado. Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-06-097205-X.
  • Benjamin, Medea; Rossett, Peter (1995). Greening of the Revolution: Cuba's Experiment with Organic Agriculture. Ocean Press. ISBN 1-875284-80-X.
  • Benjamin, Medea; Antonio Blanco, Juan (1996). Cuba: Talking About Revolution: Conversations with Juan Antonio Blanco. Inner Ocean Publishing. ISBN 1-875284-97-4.
  • Benjamin, Medea; da Silva, Benedita; Mendonca, Maisa (1997). Benedita Da Silva: An Afro-Brazilian Woman's Story of Politics and Love. Institute for Food and Development Policy. ISBN 0-935028-70-6.
  • Benjamin, Medea; Rodolfo-Sioson, Miya (1997). The Peace Corps and More: 175 Ways to Work, Study and Travel at Home & Abroad. Global Exchange / Seven Locks Press. ISBN 0-929765-04-4.
  • Benjamin, Medea (2000). I, Senator: How, together, we transformed the state of California and the United States. Green Press.
  • Benjamin, Medea (2003). The Nuts Baked In: My Life as a Fruitcake. Non Compos Press. ISBN 978-0451163967.
  • Benjamin, Medea; Evans, Jodie, eds. (2005). How to Stop the Next War Now: Effective Responses to Violence and Terrorism. Inner Ocean Publishing. ISBN 1-930722-49-4.[6]
  • Benjamin, Medea (2012). Drone Warfare: Killing by Remote Control. OR Books. ISBN 978-1-935928-81-2.
  • Benjamin, Medea (2016). Kingdom of the Unjust: Behind the U.S. – Saudi Connection. OR Books. ISBN 978-1-682190-46-3.
  • Benjamin, Medea; Davies, Nicolas J. S. (2022). War in Ukraine: Making Sense of a Senseless Conflict. OR Books. ISBN 978-1-68219-371-6.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Code Pink "About Us" page Archived February 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
  2. ^ Garofoli, Joe (October 26, 2002). "S.F. Woman's Relentless March for Peace". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013.
  3. ^ Moyn, Samuel (2021). Humane: How the United States Abandoned Peace and Reinvented War. Picador. ISBN 9781250858719.
  4. ^ "Medea Benjamin". Codepink. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  5. ^ "People to People Blog". People to People Blog. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "US Peace Registry: Individuals". US Peace Memorial. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  7. ^ Nieves, Evelyn (March 7, 2000). "The 2000 Campaign: The Greens; This Time, Nader Promises, It's a Serious Run for President". The New York Times. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  8. ^ Nolde, Haley (July 20, 2000). "Out of the Streets, Into the Senate?". Mother Jones. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  9. ^ Krikorian, Greg (August 20, 2000). "Political Rivals Join Forces in Race to Unseat Feinstein". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  10. ^ Link to primary results Archived August 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, California Secretary of State.
  11. ^ [1] Archived November 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Benjamin, Medea; Coyote, Peter; Eder, John; Ellsberg, Daniel; et al. (July 23, 2004). "An Open Letter to Progressives: Vote Kerry and Cobb". CommonDreams. Archived from the original on February 15, 2005.
  13. ^ "Medea Benjamin to Speak at Summit 2005". Progressive Democrats of America. Archived from the original on January 14, 2006. Retrieved September 1, 2006.
  14. ^ "Green Shadow Cabinet Members". Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
  15. ^ "VIDEO: Maliki Speech Interrupted By War Protester". Think Progress Blog. July 26, 2006.
  16. ^ "Update: US peace activists released". Common December 4, 2007. Archived from the original on December 24, 2007.
  17. ^ "Pakistani police arrest activists". December 5, 2007. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  18. ^ "Gaza protest planned on Cast Lead anniversary". Egypt Independent. December 5, 2009. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012.
  19. ^ "Thugs attack police after funeral". Gulf Daily News. February 18, 2012.
  20. ^ "Rioters on rampage". Gulf Daily News. February 18, 2012.
  21. ^ "Medea Benjamin v. President Obama". Democracy Now!. May 24, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
  22. ^ Brett LoGiurato (May 23, 2013). "Here's The Protester Who Heckled Obama in the Middle of His Big Speech on Terrorism". Business Insider. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  23. ^ "Medea Benjamin, the Woman Who Heckled Obama, Is Not Sorry". The Daily Beast. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  24. ^ Gupta, Prachi (July 22, 2016). "Meet the 63-Year-Old Woman Who Crashed Donald Trump's Speech at the RNC". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
  25. ^ Goodman, Amy; Benjamin, Medea (April 3, 2000). "Medea Benjamin Runs for U.S. Senate on Green Party Line". Democracy Now. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  26. ^ "Sweating for a t-shirt". The Sociology Video Project. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  27. ^ Bogardus, Keven (September 22, 2004). Venezuela Head Polishes Image With Oil Dollars: President Hugo Chavez takes his case to America's streets. Archived October 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved February 22, 2010.
  28. ^ "Starbucks Campaign". Global Exchange. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  29. ^ "Medea Benjamin". WIMN's Voices. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  30. ^ a b "Medea Benjamin". Global Exchange. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  31. ^ "Activist, Green Party Candidate to Speak at Middle East forum on Wednesday". Fresno State News. April 2002. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  32. ^ "Codepink: Support Gaza!". Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  33. ^ Benjamin, Meda (January 15, 2020). "I am American, Jewish and banned from Israel for my activism". The Guardian. London. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  34. ^ Levitt, Joshua (April 11, 2014). "Major BDS Donor Owned Shares of Caterpillar While Campaigning to Divest the Stock to Punish Israel". The Algemeiner. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  35. ^ Gerth, Jeff; Natta, Don Van Jr. (May 29, 2007). "Hillary Rodham Clinton - Elections - Democratic Party - Jeff Gerth - Don Van Natta Jr". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  36. ^ Glantz, Aaron (January 9, 2007). "On Guantanamo Prison Camp's Fifth Birthday, New Pressure to Shut It Down". Common Dreams. Archived from the original on September 27, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  37. ^ "Code Pink Press Release, accessed 14 Nov 09". Archived from the original on October 19, 2014.
  38. ^ Basler, Robert (November 2, 2009). "Taunting children?". Archived from the original on November 5, 2009.
  39. ^ "Drones Watch". Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  40. ^ Benjamin, Medea (May 2, 2012). "'Shame on You': Why I interrupted Obama counter-terrorism adviser John Brennan". Archived from the original on July 13, 2012.
  41. ^ "Codepink Peace Delegation to Pakistan". Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  42. ^ "CNN Coverage of Codepink Stop Drones Delegation in Pakistan". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  43. ^ McDonald, Mark (October 7, 2012). "Western Peace Activists Protest in Pakistan Against Drone Strikes". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  44. ^ Leiby, Richard (October 7, 2012). "Imran Khan and Codepink blocked from tribal area". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  45. ^ "Medea Benjamin interviewed on Al Jazeera about Codepink Delegation in Pakistan". Drones Watch. October 8, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  46. ^ "Pakistan Delegation News". Code Pink. Retrieved January 10, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  47. ^ "Codepink's Medea Benjamin Brings Voices of Pakistani Drone Victims to Obama's Inauguration". Democracy Now!. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  48. ^ "NEW Book: Drone Warfare: Killing by Remote Control". Code Pink. Archived from the original on January 8, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  49. ^ "Bring Our War $$ Home". Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  50. ^ Medea Benjamin. "Window-Smashing Hurt Our Cause". ZMag. Archived from the original on August 7, 2007. Retrieved September 1, 2006.
  51. ^ Medea Benjamin (October 11, 2004). "Bush Can't Admit Mistakes, But We Can". CommonDreams. Archived from the original on July 18, 2005.
  52. ^ Todd Chretien (July 26, 2004). "Believing in a Green Resistance: A Reply to Norman Solomon & Medea Benjamin". CounterPunch. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  53. ^ Benjamin, Medea (August 6, 2015). "10 Steps to Wean U.S. Foreign Policy Off Militarism".
  54. ^ Benjamin, Medea (July 2, 2011). "Osama Bin Laden Is Dead; Let the Peace Begin". Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  55. ^ "U.S. activist, Codepink co-founder Medea Benjamin held overnight in Egypt jail, claims abuse". CBS News. March 4, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  56. ^ Kirkpatrick, David D. (March 4, 2014). "U.S. Activist Says Egyptian Police Assaulted Her". The New York Times.
  57. ^ "CodePink's Medea Benjamin Disrupts Pompeo Speech to Denounce U.S. Regime Change Agenda in Venezuela". Democracy Now. January 25, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  58. ^ Pappas, Alex (May 3, 2019). "Code Pink refusing to leave Venezuela's DC embassy as State Dept. slams 'trespassers'". Fox News. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  59. ^ "Founders & Staff: Medea Benjamin". Code Pink. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  60. ^ "Medea Benjamin Awarded 2012 Peace Prize". US Peace Memorial. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
  61. ^ "Medea Benjamin to Receive the 2014 Gandhi Peace Award". Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  62. ^ "Devotion to Life of Political Activism in Family's Blood". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  63. ^ "Iran New Horizon Conference Draws U.S. Anti-Semites, Holocaust Deniers". Anti-Defamation League. October 1, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2022.
  64. ^ Gitlin, Todd (October 14, 2014). "Why Would a Famous Peace Activist Fly to Iran With Sept. 11 Truthers and Other Crackpots?". Tablet Magazine. Retrieved January 28, 2022.
  65. ^ Gray, Rosie (October 1, 2014). "Antiwar Activists, 9/11 Truthers Gather In Tehran For Anti-Zionist Conference". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved January 28, 2022.
  66. ^ Gray, Rosie (October 6, 2014). "U.S. Journalist Regrets Attending Conspiracy Conference In Tehran". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved January 28, 2022.
  67. ^ Camejo, Pedro (2010). North Star: A Memoir. Haymarket Books.
  68. ^ "Students Give Sweatshop Fight the College Try". Los Angeles Times. April 22, 1999. Retrieved December 31, 2020. "It was horrible," said Arlen Benjamin-Gomez
  69. ^ "Devotion to Life of Political Activism in Family's Blood". Los Angeles Times. March 27, 2003. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  70. ^ Jay, Paul (February 17, 2014). "Obama Sucked the Steam Out of the Anti-War Movement - Medea Benjamin on Reality Asserts Itself". The Real News Network. Archived from the original on May 8, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  71. ^ Lacy, Akela (September 25, 2020). "Progressives Wrestle With How to Address Allegations of Mistreatment in San Francisco Race". The Intercept. Retrieved December 31, 2020.

External links[edit]