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China Northern Airlines

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China Northern Airlines
Zhōngguó Běifāng Hángkōng
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded16 June 1990 (1990-06-16) January 18, 2023 (2023-13-18T0)) (re-launch)
Ceased operations12 November 2004 (2004-11-12)
(merged into China Southern Airlines)
HubsShenyang Taoxian International Airport
Secondary hubs
Fleet size61 (1995)
HeadquartersShenyang, Liaoning, China
A China Northern MD-82 taking off in Beijing Capital International Airport.

China Northern Airlines (simplified Chinese: 中国北方航空; traditional Chinese: 中國北方航空; pinyin: Zhōngguó Běifāng Hángkōng) was an airline headquartered on the grounds of Shenyang Taoxian International Airport, Shenyang, Liaoning, People's Republic of China.[1] Established on June 16, 1990, it was one of the six backbone airlines directly under the Civil Aviation Administration of China.

Besides Shenyang, it also had three hubs at Changchun Dafangshen Airport, Harbin Taiping International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.

It was one of six major airline corporations that were formed as a result of the breakup of CAAC Airlines. It initially operated a fleet of Airbus A300-600R, MD-80, MD-90-30 and, later, Airbus A321-200 aircraft. It operated predominantly domestic destinations and also to North Korea, South Korea and Japan.


China Northern Swan Airlines was founded in 1990, it operated McDonnell Douglas MD-80s leased from China Northern Airlines, it was acquired by China Southern Airlines in 2003 followed by Beiya Airlines, China Northern Airlines, and Zhongyuan Airlines.[2]

China Northern Airlines was established in 1990 to act as a successor to Swan Airlines. By the end of 1999, the airline had reached a total cargo rotation volume of 4882 million ton/km. In 2001 the airlines had ordered ten Airbus A321 but only six were in the fleet. It later merged into China Southern Airlines in 2003.


The fleet as of 1995.

Aircraft In service Orders Notes
Airbus A300-600R 10 - Acquired by China Southern Airlines
Airbus A321-200 6 4 All remaining orders transferred to China Southern Airlines
Antonov An-2 1 -
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 27 - Two aircraft written off
McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30 13 -
Xian Y-7-100 4 -
Total 61 4

Frequent flyer program[edit]

Sky Pearl Club was China Northern Airlines’ frequent flyer program until 2003 when it merged with China Southern Airlines.



  1. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 19–25, 2002. 48. "Dong Ta Airport, 3-1 Xiaoheyan Road, Dadong District, Shenyang City, Liaoning, 110043, China"
  2. ^ "China Northern Swan Airlines history from China, Rest of World". airlinehistory.co.uk.
  3. ^ ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-82 Shenyang Airport (SHE), Aviation Safety Network
  4. ^ Accident Database[usurped], AirDisaster.Com
  5. ^ ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-82 B-2138 Dalian, Aviation Safety Network

External links[edit]